Meanwhile, their parents committed suicide as Octavian and his army invaded Egypt. JUBA II construisit le Mausolée royal de Maurétanie, connu sous le nom du tombeau de la chrétienne, à l’image des pyramides d’Egypte, pour enterrer sa femme Cléopâtre Séléné selon la tradition des Pharaons. [3] After Antony and Cleopatra's defeat at Actium and their suicides in Egypt in 30 BC, Selene and her brothers were brought to Rome and placed in the household of Octavian's sister, Octavia the Younger, a former wife of her father. Cleopatra Selene II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; summer 40 BC – c. 5 BC;[2] the numeration is modern) was a Ptolemaic princess and Queen of Numidia (briefly in 25 BC) and Mauretania (25 BC – 5 BC). J.-C.. D'autres avancent pour des raisons similaires la date de l'an 5 ou 6 de notre ère, comme B. Chanler[4], qui fait valoir que Ptolémée commence à apparaître avec son père sur des pièces de monnaie datées de l'an 5 et suppose que c'est parce que Juba II souhaitait insister sur la continuité dynastique immédiatement après la mort de Cléopâtre. Caesarion went to India, but en route he was betrayed by his tutor, intercepted by Roman forces and executed. It is possible that Selene and Juba separated for a time, but that their rift was mended after Juba's divorce from Glaphyra. In 34 BC, during the Donations of Alexandria, huge crowds assembled to witness the couple sit on golden thrones on a silver platform with Caesarion, Cleopatra Selene, Alexander Helios, and Ptolemy Philadelphus sitting on smaller ones below them. Biografía. Cléopâtre Séléné II (le lune) (25 décembre 40 av. In 25 BC, Augustus decided to confer on Juba II and Selene the newly created client kingdom of Mauretania since Numidia was, after a brief period of status as the Roman client kingdom under king Juba II (30 - 25 BC) once again directly annexed to the Roman Empire as the part of the Roman province of Africa Proconsularis. Royalties similar to or like Cleopatra Selene II. Cléopâtre Séléné II, parfois appelée Cléopâtre VIII, née le 25 décembre 40 av. Nació, creció y recibió educación en Alexandría, Exiptu. Cléopâtre Séléné est enterrée avec son époux Juba II dans une tombe monumentale appelée le « tombeau de la Chrétienne » en raison probablement des croix qui ont été gravées ultérieurement sur les fausses-portes du monument. She was the most important royal woman in the early Augustan age. Cléopâtre Séléné II, parfois appelée Cléopâtre VIII, née le 25 décembre 40 av. Cléopâtre Séléné II (25 décembre 40 av. Cléopâtre Séléné II (25 décembre -40 / v. 5 de notre ère), parfois appelée Cléopâtre VIII, est la fille de Cléopâtre VII et Marc Antoine et la sœur jumelle d’ Alexandre Hélios. J.-C. / v. 5 de notre ère), parfois appelée Cléopâtre VIII, . Bien que l’histoire de Séléné soit encore aujourd’hui mal connue, que ce soit dans la datation des grands moments de sa vie qui restent sujets à débat, ou son réel impact dans le règne artistiquement florissant de Juba II, la reine de Maurétanie va connaître un certain succès dans la fiction. The construction and sculptural projects at Caesarea and Volubilis display a mixture of Ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman architectural styles. Over the next two years, Antony bestowed a great deal of land on Cleopatra and their children under his triumviral authority. L'Égypte est annexée par Octave, et Cléopâtre à peine âgée de dix ans part en exil à Rome, confiée à l'éducation d'Octavie, la sœur du vainqueur et épouse du vaincu. On pense qu'il fait référence à une éclipse lunaire qui aurait eu lieu le 23 mars 5 av. Juba died in 23 AD and was buried in the same tomb. Le mausolée royal de Mauritanie est sur la route entre Cherchell et la capitale algérienne, Alger, et est généralement considéré comme datant de 3 av JC. La date exacte provient du poète grec Crinagoras (Anthologia Palatina), qui décrit « un assombrissement de la lune à sa mort ». Il édifia le Mausolée en hommage au son rang royal, de sa femme, issue de la lignée Pharaonique Egyptienne. Through the couple's influence, the Mauretanian kingdom flourished. La date de sa mort est incertaine. He was also intelligent and a renowned scholar, and eventually wrote fifty books and discovered a new type of sea sponge. She had great influence in Mauretania's government decisions, especially regarding trade and construction projects. Juba II construisit le Mausolée royal de Maurétanie, connu sous le nom du tombeau de la chrétienne, à l’image des pyramides d’Egypte, pour enterrer sa femme Cléopâtre Séléné, selon la tradition des Pharaons. Selene, Alexander, and Ptolemy Philadelphos went south to Thebes. Cleopatra III and Ptolemy VIII had five children: [14] These buildings included a lighthouse in the style of Pharos of Alexandria in the harbour, a royal palace situated in the seafront, and numerous temples dedicated to Roman and Egyptian deities. [7] Her brothers are not recorded in any known historical account and are presumed to have died, possibly from either illness or assassination. The Mausoleum is the tomb where the Berber King Juba II and Queen Cleopatra Selene II, the last king and queen of Mauretania, are buried. Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII and Marc Antony. Cleopatra's promotion of architecture marks a transition between the Hellenistic style and Roman. Allégorie de la province romaine d'Afrique - Grand Palais, Paris 2014.jpg 768 × 1,024; 716 KB. If this poem isn't simply literary license, Selene's death seems to have ironically coincided with a lunar eclipse. Le tombeau possède quatre portes monumentales disposées aux quatre points cardinaux, dont trois fausses-portes et une seule donnant réellement accès à la galerie interne. She and her twin brother, Alexander Helios, were born in the autumn of 40 B.C. Cléopâtre VIII Sélène II serait morte pour certains spécialistes, dont Auguste Bouché-Leclercq, en 5 av.J.C. Breathless, descending to Hades, Her vigorous promotion of her mother's legacy stood in sharp contrast to the negative image being disseminated in contemporary Augustan poetry. The kingdom developed a significant export throughout the Mediterranean region,[13] particularly with Spain and Italy. Topic. Reine de Maurétanie[2], Cléopâtre Séléné exerce alors une certaine influence sur la politique de Juba II notamment en ce qui concerne les arts, les lettres et l'architecture, faisant de leur capitale Césarée, l'actuelle Cherchell en Algérie, une vaste cité prospère et dotée de monuments dignes des grandes capitales du monde antique d'alors. Controversy surrounds her exact date of death. Octavia arranged for Cleopatra Selene to marry the intellectual King Juba II of Numidia, whose father had committed suicide in 46 BC. Share. M. Coltelloni-Trannoy avance le même argument et note également la disparition de toutes les images liées à Cléopâtre Séléné II sur ces pièces à cette date[5]. Certains commentateurs estiment que cette dénomination viendrait des croix qui ont été gravées ultérieurement sur les fausses-portes du monument. Proposant : JPC Des questions ? Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Ceci est basé sur l'hypothèse du remariage de Juba II à Glaphyra en l'an 7, ce qui indique qu'il était veuf à l'époque, car Juba II étant un citoyen romain était tenu d'être monogame en droit romain. She married Juba II of Mauretania and ruled alongside her husband. during a naval battle at Actium, Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian. The value and quality of Mauretanian coins became recognised throughout the Roman Empire. The young rulers renamed their new capital Caesarea (modern Cherchell, Algeria), in honor of the Emperor.[12]. The daughter of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III of Egypt, Cleopatra Selene was favoured by her mother and became a pawn in Cleopatra III's political manoeuvres. J.-C. et morte v. 5 de notre ère, est la fille de Cléopâtre VII et de Marc Antoine et la sœur jumelle d'Alexandre Hélios. Cléopâtre Séléné (la Lune) est avec Alexandre Hélios (le Soleil) un des jumeaux que Marc-Antoine a eu avec la « grande Cléopâtre » d'Égypte , la sœur jumelle d'Alexandre Hélios (le soleil) Selene eventually married Juba II of Numidia and Mauretania. Édifié sur plan circulaire, il est constitué d'un tambour massif et monumental orné de soixante demi-colonnes d'ordre ionique et coiffé d'un tumulus en maçonnerie qui initialement devait soit être planté d'arbres soit orné de statues et autres éléments architecturaux disparus depuis longtemps. Grâce à son influence, le royaume maurétanien (qui recouvre l'Algérie et l'actuel Maroc) prospère. [note 1]. The deaths of their mother and Caesarion left Selene and Alexander nominally in charge of Egypt until the kingdom was officially annexed by the Roman Empire two weeks later. However the deaths of their mother and Caesarion left Cleopatra Selene and Alexander Helios nominally in charge of Egypt, so they were brought back to Alexandria to reign in name only until the kingdom was officially annexed by the Roman Empire two weeks later. Ptolemy then reigned until 40, when he was executed by Emperor Caligula, his mother's great nephew, who was probably jealous of Mauretania's wealth. Cléopâtre Séléné II, musée de Cherchell, Algérie. A hoard of Selene's coins has been dated at 17 AD. Elle est, avec Juba II, souveraine de Maurétanie césarienne et s'établit à Césarée de Maurétanie (actuelle Cherchell en Algérie) où elle meurt vers l'an 5. Cleopatra Selene II. The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene: Royal Scholarship on Rome's African Frontier Duane W. … She was the fraternal twin of Ptolemaic prince Alexander Helios. The event in 5 BC most closely resembles the description given in the eulogy. [17] However, the date of her death is not ascertainable with any certainty. Cleopatra Selene stayed in Rome until her marriage at fifteen or sixteen to Juba II. Her second name ("moon" in Ancient Greek) opposes the second name of her twin brother, Alexander Helios ("sun" in Ancient Greek). She imported many important advisers, scholars, and artists from her mother's royal court in Alexandria to serve in Caesarea. Their products included fish, grapes, pearls, figs, grain, wooden furniture and purple dye harvested from shellfish. Thereafter, Cleopatra, Juba and Ptolemy were mostly forgotten.[15]. [18], Selene was placed in the Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania in modern Algeria, built by her and Juba east of Caesarea and still visible. For the daughter of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III, see, An ancient Roman bust of either Cleopatra Selene II, Queen of Mauretania, or her mother, "Marble portrait, perhaps of Cleopatra VII's daughter, Cleopatra Selene, Queen of Mauretania", "Gilded silver dish, decorated with a bust perhaps representing Cleopatra Selene", Cleopatra's Daughter: While Antony and Cleopatra have been immortalised in history and in popular culture, their offspring have been all but forgotten. During his triumph, he paraded the twins dressed as the moon and the sun in heavy golden chains, behind an effigy of their mother clutching an asp to her arm. Ptolemaic Princess and was the only daughter to Greek Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman triumvir Mark Antony. [5], Once Egypt had ceased to exist as an independent kingdom, there remained the question of what to do with Selene and her brothers. Octavian captured Selene and her brothers, and took them to Rome. Tingis (modern Tangier), a town at the Pillars of Hercules (modern Strait of Gibraltar), became a major trade centre. The couple had a son and successor, Ptolemy of Mauretania. It has been suggested that this was, Cleopatra Selene is mentioned in the novels by, Cleopatra Selene is a significant character in, Cleopatra Selene and her twin Alexander appear briefly in the television series, Cleopatra Selene is a major character in "The Daughters of Pallatine Hill", by Phyllis T. Smith (2016), Though identified simply as the daughter of the most famous Cleopatra, a character calling herself Patra appears in the third, This page was last edited on 27 January 2021, at 04:33. Cléopâtre Séléné est enterrée avec son époux Juba IIdans une tombe monumentale appelée le « tombeau de la Chrétienne. Elle était la femme royale la plus importante du … In the absence of any surviving relative, responsibility for the children passed to Augustus, who in turn gave the siblings to Octavia to be raised in her household on the Palatine Hill. By the time Octavian arrived in Egypt in the summer of 30 BC, the couple had sent the children away. Il édifia le Mausolée en hommage à son rang royal, de sa femme, issue de la lignée pharaonique égyptienne. One of the two satellites of the asteroid (216) Kleopatra was named Cleoselene in her honor. Neither of the children were old enough to assume control of their lands, but it was clear that their parents intended they should do so in the future. 21 mars 2021 à 09:48 (CET) J.-C. / v. 5 de notre ère), parfois appelée Cléopâtre VIII, est la fille de Cléopâtre VII et Marc Antoine et la sœur jumelle d'Alexandre Hélios. Cleopatra II Selene (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; c. between 135 and 130 – 69 BC) was the monarch of Syria from 82 to 69 BC. Coin of Juba II (r. 29 BCE - 23 CE) and Cleopatra Selene II (c. 40 BCE - 5 BCE). The couple ruled Mauretania for almost two decades until Cleopatra's death at the age of 35. The following epigram by Greek epigrammatist Crinagoras of Mytilene is considered to be her eulogy: modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata. Certains spécialistes proposent l'an 5 de notre ère[3]. Repas de Cléopâtre et de Marc-Antoine, Charles-Joseph Natoire‎ (2 F) Media in category "Cleopatra Selene II" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. Jun 3, 2015 - Ancient history . Historians generally assume that Juba wouldn't have taken a second wife as a thoroughly Romanized king, arguing that if he married Glaphyra before 4 AD, then his first wife must have already been dead. The chains were so heavy that the children were unable to walk in them, eliciting unexpected sympathy from many of the Roman onlookers. Their younger brother, Ptolemy Philadelphos, was born a year later. Cleopatra Selene was the only daughter of Greek Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. This event, along with Antony's marriage to Cleopatra and divorce of Octavia Minor, older sister of Octavian (future Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus), marked a turning point that led to the Final War of the Roman Republic. Cléopâtre Séléné II ( grec : Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη, l' été 40 BC - . J.-C. et morte v. 5 de notre ère, est la fille de Cléopâtre VII et de Marc Antoine et la sœur jumelle d' Alexandre Hélios. [10] However, even contemporary client kings with Roman citizenship took multiple wives. La Maurétanie exporte et commerce dans l'ensemble de la Méditerranée. Lorenzo Asher Nora ℗ 2015 SamePlateCo Released on: 2015-12-15 Auto-generated by YouTube. She was raised and highly educated in Alexandria in a manner appropriate for a princess. The Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania is a tomb located on the road between Cherchell and Algiers in Algeria. L’histoire se situe après la bataille d’Actium mais se révèle totalement farfelue. Situé près de Tipaza en Algérie à une soixantaine de kilomètres à l'ouest d'Alger, le tombeau royal s'inspire de l'architecture funéraire hellénistique héritée d'A… La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 23 mars 2021 à 17:06. - 6 d. C.), tamién conocida como Cleopatra VIII, foi una princesa ptolemaica.Yera la única fía de Cleopatra VII y Marcu Antoniu, amás, hermana melliza d'Alejandro Helios.El so llinaxe, por tanto, tenía sangre griego y romana.