Record low of average daily temperatures in October is −16 °C (3 °F) and record high of average daily temperatures in October is 20 °C (68 °F). Population. [61], 5% of Zürich's inhabitants are Muslims, a slight decrease of 1%, compared to the year 2000. Since it started on 12 August 1928, the sporting event has witnessed new world records and national records. The blue and white coat of arms of Zürich is attested from 1389 and was derived from banners with blue and white stripes in use since 1315. Bâle: agglomération nationale Contexte démographique Population résidante permanente 2017 545 326 Densité de la population, par km² 2017 783,6 Rapport de dépendance des jeunes 2017 30,4 Rapport de dépendance des personnes âgées 2017 33,9 Âge médian, en années 2017 44,6 Population résidante permanente étrangère , en % 2017 27,1 l’agglomération évolue de manière inverse à la taille de l’agglomération : 55,1 % de la population réside au centre à Zurich, 57,8 % à Genève et 71,9 % à Lausanne. The Zürich Opera House (German: Zürcher Opernhaus), built in 1834, was the first permanent theatre in the heart of Zürich and was at the time, the main seat of Richard Wagner's activities. The Sihl meets with the Limmat at the end of Platzspitz, which borders the Swiss National Museum. Major parks are also located along the lakeshore (Zürichhorn and Enge), while smaller parks dot the city. [27] In this time the political system of Zürich was an oligarchy (Patriziat): the dominant families of the city were the following ones: Bonstetten, Brun, Bürkli, Escher vom Glas, Escher vom Luchs, Hirzel, Jori (or von Jori), Kilchsperger, Landenberg, Manesse, Meiss, Meyer von Knonau, Mülner, von Orelli. The churches and houses of the old town are clustered here, as are the most expensive shops along the famous Bahnhofstrasse. La population de ces cantons décline en raison de migrations intercantonales défavorables, mais surtout en raison du faible nombre de naissances ne pouvant pas compenser l’augmentation du nombre de décès. Zürich is the largest city in Switzerland with a population of over 428'700, an increase of 19'500 since year 2000. [43] Record low of average daily temperatures in March since 1864 is −12 °C (10 °F) and record high of average daily temperatures in March is 16 °C (61 °F). Association football is an essential aspect of sports in Zürich. Bâle: agglomération nationale Contexte démographique Population résidante permanente 2015 537 051 Densité de la population, par km² 2015 771,8 Rapport de dépendance des jeunes 2015 30,2 Rapport de dépendance des personnes âgées 2015 33,4 Âge médian, en années 2015 44,49 Population résidante permanente étrangère , en % 2015 26,1 [105], Weltklasse Zürich, sometimes referred to as the one-day Olympics,[106] is a one-day athletics meet held annually at the Letzigrund Stadium. On its west side, the Limmat valley is flanked by the wooded heights of the Albis chain, which runs along the western border. Le point le plus haut du canton de Zurich est le Schnebelhorn à 1 293 m, au sud-est. Zurich's 2020 population is now estimated at 1,395,356.In 1950, the population of Zurich was 493,648.Zurich has grown by 12,264 since 2015, which represents a 0.89% annual change. Zürich is also one of the co-location centres of the Knowledge and Innovation Community (Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation) of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. Zurich (German: Zürich, Zürich German: Züri) is the largest city in Switzerland, with a population of some 390,000 in the city proper and 1.2 million in the agglomeration area.Zurich is on Lake Zurich, where the lake flows into the River Limmat , in the north of Switzerland.. ETH achieved its reputation particularly in the fields of chemistry, mathematics and physics and there are 21 Nobel Laureates who are associated with the institution. Later in 1890, the theatre was re-built as an ornate building with a neo-classical architecture. [16] In the early modern period, the name became associated with the name of the Tigurini, and the name Tigurum rather than the historical Turicum is sometimes encountered in Modern Latin contexts. It has no known composer but likely originated in Russia. Zuerich). An important event in the early 14th century was the completion of the Manesse Codex, a key source of medieval German poetry. Ville de Suisse, la plus peuplée de la Confédération, située à la sortie de la Limmat du lac de Zurich, chef-lieu du canton de Zurich.. Nom des habitants : Zurichois Population pour l'agglomération : 1 217 751 hab. Since 2013, the international Openair Literatur Festival Zürich takes place annually in Zurich, presented by Literaturhaus Zürich and Kaufleuten. The Roman castle remained standing until the 7th century. One of the key projects of the system is a tunnel beneath the tracks of the main railway station planned to combine a main connection with staffed possibilities where commuters can leave their bikes throughout the day. Zürich was also host to the 2012 Men's World Floorball Championships. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects.These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Zurich, which typically includes Zurich… The highest temperature of the month March in 2014 was on the 20th at 20.6 °C (69.1 °F) during a sunny afternoon and the lowest temperature was on the 25th at −0.4 °C (31.3 °F) during the night/early morning. ETH was founded in 1854 by the Swiss Confederation and opened its doors in 1855 as a polytechnic institute. About 60,000 people study at the 20 universities, colleges and institutions of higher education in Zürich.[when? Bullinger took over his role as the city's spiritual leader. The Protestant Reformation, led by Huldrych Zwingli, made Zürich both a theological centre and a stronghold of Protestantism in Switzerland. List of towns. In the industrial district, Altstetten and Oerlikon, buildings up to 80 meters (260 ft) in height are allowed (high-rise area I). Densité de la population : 145,6 habitants/km 2. L'agglomération compte quant à elle environ 2 millions d'habitants [6]. In the past ten years[when?] The Quaianlagen are an important milestone in the development of the modern city of Zürich, as the construction of the new lake front transformed Zürich from a small medieval town on the rivers Limmat and Sihl to an attractive modern city on the Zürichsee shore, under the guidance of the city engineer Arnold Bürkli. Retrieved 14 July 2010", Zürich is number one with 16 Berlin Champions competing, Institutional seats of the European Union, Prehistoric pile dwellings around Zürichsee, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zürich&oldid=994234198, Populated places established in the 2nd century, 1210s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 1350s disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 14th-century establishments in the Old Swiss Confederacy, 1350s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 15th-century disestablishments in the Old Swiss Confederacy, 1440s disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 15th-century establishments in the Old Swiss Confederacy, 1450s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, Articles with dead external links from February 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox Switzerland municipality with unknown parameters, Pages using infobox Switzerland municipality with languages, Pages using infobox Switzerland municipality with map, Pages using infobox Switzerland municipality with municipality name equal to subject name, Pages using infobox Switzerland municipality with manual population, Articles containing Alemannic German-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Romansh-language text, Articles containing Swiss Standard German-language text, Articles containing Transalpine Gaulish-language text, Articles containing Old High German (ca. Geneva's 2020 population is now estimated at 613,373.In 1950, the population of Geneva was 193,850.Geneva has grown by 6,937 since 2015, which represents a 1.14% annual change. As of May 2018[update], the Zürich City Council was made up of three representatives of the SP (Social Democratic Party, one of whom is the mayor), two members each of the Green Party and the FDP (Free Democratic Party), and one member each of GLP (Green Liberal Party) and AL (Alternative Left Party), giving the left parties a combined seven out of nine seats. But when in 1845 the Radicals regained power at Zürich, which was again the Federal capital for 1845–46, Zürich took the lead in opposing the Sonderbund cantons. Both Zurich Airport and railway stationare the largest and busiest i… [40], The average high temperature in July is 24.0 °C (75.2 °F) and average low temperature is 14 °C (57.2 °F). Zürich also hosted the 1998 World Ice Hockey Championships. 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010, 2019 census/estimate. Bern's 2020 population is now estimated at 429,734.In 1950, the population of Bern was 193,743.Bern has grown by 3,783 since 2015, which represents a 0.89% annual change. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Municipal Council are carried out by the City Council. The Gemeinderat of Zürich for the mandate period of 2018–2022, The Municipal Council (Gemeinderat) holds the legislative power. The city previously co-hosted the 1953 and 1939 editions. The Synagoge Zürich Löwenstrasse is the oldest and largest synagogue of Zürich. Even so, standard English practice for German names is to either preserve the umlaut or replace it with the base letter followed by e (i.e. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, nationality, country of birth). October has the lowest number (9.9) of days with some precipitation. Zürich is host city of the Street Parade, which takes place in August every year (see above). Contact. The area includes a section of the northern Swiss Plateau. About 415,000 people live in the city of Zurich (2016), which makes it the largest city of Switzerland. November 2008", "Why Zurich Hauptbahnhof is the 'best' train station in mainland Europe". Since then there has been a shift towards the outlying areas of the agglomeration. "Gnomes of Zürich" is a colloquial term used for Swiss bankers [83] on account of their alleged secrecy and speculative dealing. [49] The ZVV network of public transport contains at least four means of mass-transit: any train that stops within the network's borders, in particular the S-Bahn (local trains), Zürich trams, and buses (both diesel and electric, also called trolley buses) and boats on the lake and river. It is located in north-central Switzerland, at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich. Zürich lost control of the land and its economic privileges, and the city and the canton separated their possessions between 1803–05. The Offene Rennbahn otherwise known as the Oerlikon Velodrome deserves a special visit on any Tuesday evening in the summer, for cyclists there are chances to see time trial champions or local Swiss national cyclists challenging other amateurs in a variety of races including Madison or Keirin events. The legislative body holds its meetings in the town hall (Rathaus), on the right bank of the Limmat opposite to the City Hall (Stadthaus). The curling season starts in early September and continues until the end of April. Neither side had attained significant victory when peace was agreed upon in 1446, and Zürich was readmitted to the confederation in 1450.[27]. In 1989, Zürich still had some 356,000 inhabitants, and a period of stagnation was followed by moderate growth which took the population up to 380,000 by 2008. The fortifications required a lot of resources, which were taken from subject territories without reaching any agreement. Also, a part of the Katzensee (nature reserve) and the Büsisee, both of which are drained by the Katzenbach to Glatt, belong to the city. [38] Decisive for the climate of Zürich are both the winds from westerly directions, which often result in precipitation and, on the other hand, the Bise (east or north-east wind), which is usually associated with high-pressure situations, but cooler weather phases with temperatures lower than the average. [35], In the 2015 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the SPS which received 31.6% of the vote. There are commercial local radio stations broadcasting from Zürich, such as "Radio 24" on the Limmatstrasse, "Energy Zürich" in Seefeld on the Kreuzstrasse, Radio "LoRa" and "Radio 1". [17], Settlements of the Neolithic and Bronze Age were found around Lake Zürich. Zürich is home to several international sport federations. The Zürich Bible, based on that of Zwingli, was issued in 1531. Archaeologists revealed that she was approximately 40 years old when she died and likely carried out little physical labor when she was alive. From this originated the concept of the CowParade that has been featured in other major world cities. In response, the responsible city department points to the big investments made every year and mentions ongoing discussions that would finally lead to even better results. ][citation needed] Two of Switzerland's most distinguished universities are located in the city: the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zürich), which is controlled by the federal government, and the University of Zürich, under direction of the canton of Zürich. The Euro 2008 games were held in the Letzigrund Stadium. Permanently settled for over 2,000 years, Zürich was founded by the Romans, who, in 15 BC, called it Turicum. The Lindenhof in the old town is the historical site of the Roman castle, and the later Carolingian Imperial Palace. Zurich Airport has its own railway station, which is located underground. Definition: 2012. Between the Käferberg and the Zürichberg is located the saddle of the Milchbuck (about 470 m or 1,540 ft), an important passage from the Limmat valley to the Glatt valley. The canton of Zurich has a leading role in urban development while its population grew by over 200,000 between 2005 and 2015. The agglomeration of Zürich is made up of the City of Zürich and 130 other municipalities. A female who died in about 200 B.C found buried in a carved tree trunk during a construction project at the Kern school complex in March 2017 in Aussersihl. Public transport is extremely popular in Zürich, and its inhabitants use public transport in large numbers. The famous illuminated manuscript – described as "the most beautifully illumined German manuscript in centuries;"[21] – was commissioned by the Manesse family of Zürich, copied and illustrated in the city at some time between 1304 and 1340. Some of the most accessible walks in the Zürich area are the Uetliberg and the Zürichberg. [52] Three main goals are specified: First, the modal share of bicycle traffic should be enhanced to twice the value of 2011 by 2015. The political power of the convent slowly waned in the 14th century, beginning with the establishment of the Zunftordnung (guild laws) in 1336 by Rudolf Brun, who also became the first independent mayor, i.e. By 2001 the event attracted one million participants. Bâle: agglomération nationale Population Population résidante permanente 2014 508 640 Densité de la population, par km² 2014 1 057,2 Rapport de dépendance des jeunes 2014 30,0 Rapport de dépendance des personnes âgées 2014 33,2 Âge médian, en années 2014 44,3 Migration Population résidante permanente étrangère, en % 2014 26,5 So, according to law, you are allowed to communicate with the authorities by using any kind of German, in written or oral form. (estimation pour 2012) GÉOGRAPHIE. About 70% of the visitors to the city use the tram or bus, and about half of the journeys within the municipality take place on public transport. The lowest point of the city is on the banks of the river Limmat, at 392 metres above sea-level, while the highest – the peak of the Uetliberg mountain – is 871 metres. The consulting firm Mercer has[when?] Germans make up the largest group with 33'579 living in the city, followed by Italians with 15'080 and Portuguese with 7'826. Notably, the area known as Zürich West in district 5, near the Escher-Wyss square and the S-Bahn Station of Zürich Hardbrücke. In 1045, King Henry III granted the convent the right to hold markets, collect tolls, and mint coins, and thus effectively made the abbess the ruler of the city. [18] In Roman times, during the conquest of the alpine region in 15 BC, the Romans built a castellum on the Lindenhof. In terms of infrastructure, the city aims to build up a network of distinctive bicycle routes in order to achieve these objectives. [citation needed]. Cycling routes are generally marked with red and white signs and the yellow lanes are exclusively meant for cyclists. Zürich has been the home to several art movements. In German, the city name is written Zürich, and pronounced [ˈtsyːrɪç] in Swiss Standard German. [7], The official formal language used by: governmental institutions, print, news, schools/universities, courts, theatres and in any kind of written form is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, while the spoken language is Zürich German (Züritüütsch), one of the several more or less distinguishable, but mutually intelligible Swiss German dialects of Switzerland with roots in the medieval Alemannic German dialect groups. Tickets purchased for a trip are valid on all means of public transportation (train, tram, bus, boat). Zwingli died for political and religious reasons by defending the Canton of Zürich in the Battle of Kappel. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology, Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Zürich, Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps, European Institute of Innovation and Technology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich – ETH, Zürich University of Applied Sciences – ZHAW, List of largest universities by enrollment in Switzerland, Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen", "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018", https://www.pxweb.bfs.admin.ch/pxweb/fr/px-x-0102020000_201/-/px-x-0102020000_201.px/table/tableViewLayout2/?rxid=c5985c8d-66cd-446c-9a07-d8cc07276160, "Zürich entry at the Swiss Tourist Board", "Population size and population composition – Data, indicators – Agglomerations: Permanent resident population in urban and rural areas", "Zürich in Zahlen 2011 Taschenstatistik (German)", "Zürich as the part of the German Empire", "Iron Age Celtic Woman Wearing Fancy Clothes Buried in This 'Tree Coffin' in Switzerland", "This Iron Age Celtic Woman Was Buried in a Hollowed-Out Tree Trunk", "Kelte trifft Keltin: Ergebnisse zu einem aussergewöhnlichen Grabfund - Stadt Zürich", "Iron Age Celtic Woman Found Buried In A Hollowed-Out Tree Trunk In Zurich", "NR - Ergebnisse Parteien (Gemeinden) (INT1)", "NR - Wahlbeteiligung (Gemeinden) (INT1)", "Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden", "Zürich, Switzerland Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)", "Climate normals Zürich / Fluntern (Reference period 1981−2010)", "Results of the vote of 30.